Sgt Joel Whitten, 17921857 (aged 65 years)

Name
Sgt Joel /Whitten/
Name prefix
Sgt
Given names
Joel
Surname
Whitten
Birth
Military
War of 1812
Source: Find A Grave
Text:

Enlisted in Tennessee in 1812
Discharged 1815

Served with General Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans

(Information taken from the Application for a Military Headstone dated 29 OCT 1940)

Biography
The Family of Joel Whitten and Mary Ann Hayes
Source: Biography
Text:

Joel Whitten and Mary Ann Hayes were the parents of Lucinda Whitten, third wife of Littleton Whitten. Although I have not personally done much research on this branch of my family, I want to include them here by summarizing the research that has been shared with me by other researchers. W.C. Whitten includes this family in a large portion of Chapter 10 of his book Whitten and Allied Families, 2nd edition, and W.A. Whitten and Joe Alex Whitten, Jr. (both descendants of this family) have shared their information with me. Until recently, most researchers of this family agreed with the list of children published in W.C. Whitten's book. Fortunately, in 2000, W.A. Whitten and his brother Charles were finally able to obtain copies of the family Bible of Joel Newton Whitten (son of Joel and Mary Ann) from the Masonic Lodge in Pelahatchie, Mississippi. The information in this Bible largely substantiates what W.C. Whitten published but has shed light on some previously forgotten children and clarified misinformation on others. To W.C.'s credit, however, he tried numerous times to obtain copies of the Bible from the Masonic Lodge before he published his book but was unsuccessful. The children below are listed with the information taken from the Bible whenever possible. Scanned images of the Bible pages (scanned from photocopies) are also included as links below.

W.C. Whitten devotes his entire Chapter 10 to the Whitten families from Lauderdale County, Alabama and Wayne County, Tennessee. He also describes how most of the Whitten families migrated to Alabama and Tennesse from South Carolina. Several of these families (or perhaps several branches of the same family) were from the Newberry District of South Carolina, in particular the family of Charles Whitten, Sr. There is evidence to suggest that Joel Whitten (father of Lucinda Pearlee Whitten) was part of the group that migrated from Newberry District, South Carolina, and he is believed by W.C. Whitten to be a son of Charles Whitten, Sr., although there is no documentation to prove this relationship.

Bible, cemetery, and military records record that Joel Whitten was born in 1792 in Newberry District, South Carolina. He fought in the War of 1812, and according to military records cited by W.C. Whitten, Joel enlisted in 1813 and was discharged in 1818. Joel married Mary Ann Hayes in June 1819 probably in Newberry District, and the couple had their first child Milton in December 1820. It is thought that their first three children were born in South Carolina (probably Newberry District) between the years 1820-1824, but that their fourth child, Harriet, was born in Lauderdale County, Alabama in 1826. Their next child, Lucinda, was supposedly born in Wayne County, Tennesse in 1828, as were the next six children born 1830-1842. Their last known child, Martha, was born in 1845 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi.

Mary Ann Hayes, often called Polly, was born in 1800, reportedly in Marion County, South Carolina. It is not yet know who her parents were. She and husband Joel, along with their youngest five children, were enumerated in Pontotoc County, Mississippi on the 1850 census. I do not know where they were enumerated on the 1860 census, but I would suspect they might be found in Pontotoc County again. Joel died in December 1860, and Polly died in 1866, probably both in Pontotoc County. They were both buried in Caffey Cemetery, a private cemetery in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. Joel's grave is marked with a government-issued headstone indicating his service in the War of 1812.

Joel Whitten
Born: January 13, 1792, probably in Newberry District, South Carolina
Married: June 6, 1819, probably in Newberry District, South Carolina
Died: December 12, 1860 in Pontotoc, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Buried: Caffey Cemetery, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Father: possibly Charles Whitten, Sr. of Newberry District, South Carolina
Mother: Unknown
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Mary Ann Hayes
Born: June 26, 1800, probably in Marion County, South Carolina
Died: October 6, 1866, probably in Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Buried: Caffey Cemetery, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Father: Unknown
Mother: Unknown
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Milton W. Whitten
Born: December 12, 1820, Newberry District, South Carolina
Married: May 12, 1841
Spouse: Eliza Hay
Died: January 6 or 17, 1858 (per Bible). W.C. Whitten has date as February 17, 1858 and location as Wayne County, Tennessee
Burial: Unknown

W.C. Whitten listed a Melton Whitten as a child of George Whitten and Elizabeth Cox. George was apparently a son of Charles Whitten Sr, making him a brother to Joel Whitten, and a Melton Whitten did witness a land deed for George in 1852. However, the family Bible of Joel Newton Whitten lists Milton's birthdate first after Joel and Mary Ann's birthdates, and gives their wedding date as June 1819 and Milton's birthdate as December 1820. It would therefore appear that Milton was the first child of Joel and Mary Ann Whitten. The Bible also lists Milton's marriage to Eliza Hay and his death date in January 1858. Also in his book, W.C. Whitten tells this story: "Following his death there was a law-suit between MELTON's widow, ELIZA, and MELTON's partners in the mills. But there was nothing to be gained by the suit as MELTON had been forced to sell the mills during the depression of 1857."

In my original version of this page, I showed a second marriage for Milton to Mary C. Marshall on March 22, 1883 in Wayne County, Tennessee. A kind cousin and fellow researcher pointed out that Milton died in 1857! Fortunately, W.C. Whitten shows that Milton and Eliza had a son, Milton Wesley. It was Milton Wesley Whitten that married Mary Marshall.
Jacob Asbury Whitten
Born: March 20 or 26, 1822, possibly in Newberry District, South Carolina
Married: Unknown date/place
Spouse: Sarah Young (?)
Died: Unknown
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists Jacob Asbury Whitten next after Milton in the list of births. The month and year of birth for Jacob are fairly legible, but the day appears to be either 20 or 26. The Bible makes no mention of marriage or death information, but W.C. Whitten makes reference to a Jacob A. Whitten on page 516 of his book: "(Texas and Texans and New Ency. of Texas): JACOB A. WHITTEN, b. Callahan Co., Tex., 19 June 1865, was son of JACOB A. WHITTEN, native of Tenn. and SARAH (YOUNG) WHITTEN, native of Texas. JACOB, Jr. md. in Stephens Co., Tex. 20 Dec. 1889, MOLLIE MORRIS." Could this Jacob Sr. be the son of Joel and Mary Ann?
Nancy Elizabeth Whitten
Born: December 9, 1824, possibly Newberry District, South Carolina
Married: Date/place unknown
Spouse: Alexander Simmons
Died: May 6, 1860 or 1861
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists the birthdate of Nancy Elizabeth Whitten as shown above then later records the following for her death: "Departed this life on the 6th of May Nancy Elizabeth Simmons, dauter [sic] of Joel & Mary Whitten adged [sic] 37." W.C. Whitten adds the following information for her on page 527: "NANCY ELIZABETH WHITTEN, b. 1824 in S.C., md. ALEXANDER SIMMONS, where or when unknown. Had 3 sons: JOHN ALEXANDER, b. 4 Oct. 1846 in Miss.; WILLIAM CARROLL; FLETCHER." I consider it likely that these two Nancy Elizabeth Simmons are the same person.
Harriet Rebecca Whitten
Born: May 10, 1826, possibly in Lauderdale County, Alabama
Married: July 11, 1848 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Elijah Simpson Sanders
Died: Unknown
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists "Hariet Rebecky" as the fourth child of Joel and Mary. It does not list marriage or death dates for her. However, according to W.C. Whitten on p. 320, Harriet Rebecca Whitten's marriage to Elijah Simpson Sanders was found in the marriage records of Pontotoc County, Mississippi.
Lucinda Pearlee (Paralee) Whitten
Born: August 19, 1828, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: About 1843, possibly in Wayne County, Tennessee or
Spouse: Littleton Augustus (Gus) Whitten
Died: December 12, 1894 in Attala County, Mississippi
Burial: Edgefield Cemetery, Attala County, Mississippi

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists the birthdate for "Lucinda Parlee" as the date shown above but gives no other information for her. We know from family tradition and the 1850 census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi that Lucinda married Littleton Whitten, but the date and location of their marriage is not known for sure. Since their first child was born in December 1843, it would be likely that they were married in early 1843. Because no official marriage record has yet been located, the location of their marriage is also a topic of speculation. However, due to her age at the time of marriage (15) and due to the fact that Littleton and Lucinda were living almost next door to her parents in 1850, I would expect that Littleton and Lucinda were married near to where her parents were living in 1843. According to Joel Newton Whitten's Bible, Lucinda's parents had two children in 1837 and 1842, and family tradition has that these two children were born in Wayne County, Tennessee. Perhaps that is where Littleton and Lucinda married?
Frances Lodasky Whitten
Born: August 9, 1830, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: November 29, 1846 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Ezekiel Lyon Pratt
Died: Probably in Utah, probably near Salt Lake City
Burial: Unknown, but probably in Utah

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible gives the birthdate of "Franie Lodaska" as shown above, and W.C. Whitten suggests on p. 319 of his book that Frances was probably born in Wayne County, Tennessee. Her marriage to Ezekial Pratt was recorded in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. The family reportedly moved to Utah about 1857, and according to W.C. Whitten, "The date of FRANCES' death is not known, but E.L. PRATT md. (2) MINERVA FAULKNER." A Pratt descendant told Joe A. Whitten that Ezekial died in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Charles Wesley Whitten
Born: June 26, 1833, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: March 2, 1860 at Redlands, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Mary Louise (Mollie) Ellis
Died: February 29, 1876, Pontotoc, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Burial: White Zion Cemetery, Pontotoc County, Mississippi (no marker)

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible records the birthdate of "Charles Wesley" as shown above and also lists his marriage and death dates as shown above. The date of marriage is very difficult to read. W.A. Whitten has transcribed the date as the March 2, 1860. I find the day of the month and the exact year (186?) to be practically illegible, but family tradition holds that they were married during the Civil War. Charles died in 1876, and according to W.C. Whitten, Mollie remarried to Henry Pitts. She died and was buried in Tampa, Florida about 1922.
Mary Emelyn Whitten
Born: August 25, 1835, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Died: May 2, 1836, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Burial: Unknown, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee

Until copies of Joel Newton Whitten's Bible were made available, this child had been unknown to modern descendants. The Bible lists her birth and death dates as shown above but does not make any mention of the locations. Since the children born before her birth and after her death are assumed to have been born in Wayne County, Tennessee, the possibility seems likely that she was born, died, and buried in Wayne County also.
Jasper Marion (Jap) Whitten
Born: May 14, 1837, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: September 18, 1867, Troy, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Mary Virginia Rutledge
Died: July 10, 1891, Monroe County, Mississippi
Burial: Eddington Cemetery, Troy, Pontotoc County, Mississippi

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists the birthdate for "Jasper Marin" as shown above but gives no other information. Joe A. Whitten, Jr., grandson of Jasper, provided the date and places for the marriage, death, and burial. According to a note by Toni Brahier: "Jasper entered the Civil War March 2, 1861 at Pontotoc with the Pontotoc Dragons, organized February 22, 1861 with 125 men who engaged in the battle of Ackia (This spelling may be wrong). The battalion disbanded June 1862, and a monument to the Dragons is on the property once owned by Joel Whitten, 10 miles east of Pontotoc. He reenlisted at Union City, TN in Co. I, 1st Reg. MS Calvary as a Corporal and served under Lt. Gen R. Taylor. His regiment was captured May 4, 1865 and were released May 16, 1865. He was 24 yrs. of age."
Eliza C. Catherine Whitten
Born: September 14, 1839, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married (1): December 22, 1853, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse (1): E. L. McMahan
Married (2): after death of first husband
Spouse (2): Mr. Stegall
Died: Unknown
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists the birthdate for "Eliza C. Catherine" as shown above. The 1850 Census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi shows that "Eliza" was born in Tennessee. The Bible also gives her marriage date to E.L. McMahan as December 22 of 185? (the year is almost illegible). However, according to W.C. Whitten, "Marriage records in Pontotoc Co. show a CATHERINE WHITTEN marrying an E.L. McMAHAN on 21 Oct. 1853." I have not personally seen the official record, but perhaps their license was issued in October with the ceremony being delayed until December? Catherine had three children with McMahan, and the Bible lists their names and birthdates as the following: Mary F.C. McMahan (born October 4, 1855), Daniel W. McMahan (born July 16, 1858), and Sarah D. McMahan (born July 1, 1860?). The Bible states that all three children were born in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. Family tradition holds that Catherine remarried after the death of McMahan to a man named Stegall.
Joel Newton Whitten
Born: April 20, 1842, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: September 29, 1864 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Julia Pamela Marr
Died: 1929 in Long Beach, Mississippi
Burial: Confederate Cemetery, Beauvoir, Bolivar County, Mississippi

Joel Newton's Bible lists his birthdate as shown above but does not list any other information on him. Perhaps this was his parents' Bible that he inherited? The 1850 Census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi shows that "Joel" was born in Tennessee. Joe A. Whitten, Jr. provided the date and place of marriage. W.C. Whitten's book (pp. 319-320) gives this additional information on Joel Newton's life:

"Records at the Nat'l Archives say that JOEL NEWTON enlisted 28 Feb. 1862 in Co. A, Orr's Guards, at Red Land, Miss., by Col. J.A. ORR. The unit was later changed to 31st Regt., Mississippi Vol. Infantry. These records say that JOEL NEWTON enlisted as a 4th Corporal, later was promoted to 3rd Corporal, and then to 1st Corporal, then to 5th Sgt. on 1 Jan. 1863, and finally to 4th Sgt. He was wounded at Resacca, Ga. 1 May 1864. From then, he seems to have spent the rest of the war in the hospital at Lauderdale Springs, Miss., or on furlough from the hospital... [According to a great-granddaughter-in-law] the family migrated to Texas about 1875, but only stayed about two years because of "water problems." They then migrated back to Mississippi... Later, JOEL WHITTEN and his family moved to the Gulf Coast where he was Mayor of Long Beach, Miss. for years before his death which occurred about 1927 according to a granddaughter. The Bible of JOEL NEWTON WHITTEN is in the possession of a Masonic Lodge in Pelehatchie, Miss.... JOEL NEWTON and JULIA are bd. in the Confederate Cem. at Beauvoir, between Gulfport and Biloxi, Miss., on the Gulf Coast, the final home of JEFFERSON DAVIS. The gravestone marker there says JOEL NEWTON WHITTEN, b. 1842, d. 1929; JULIA, b. 26 May 1844, d. 17 Oct. 1929."

Martha Ezbela (or Ezlula) Ann Whitten
Born: June 26 1845, probably in Pontotoc, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Married: 1871
Spouse: James Porter Miears
Died: November 5, 1875
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible gives the birthdate for Martha as shown above, but her middle name is almost illegible. Her name has been transcribed as Martha Ezlula and Martha Ezbela. Joe A. Whitten, Jr. has her listed as Martha Ann in his notes, and he is also my source for the place of her birth, the date of her marriage, and the full name of her husband. The 1850 census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi also shows her born in Mississippi. W.C. Whitten shows one child for Martha, a son Hewlett who was born in February 1874 in Mississippi. The Bible records that "MA Miears, wife of JP Miears, dec'd on the 5th day of November AD 1875." Her son was not quite two years old when Martha died.

UNKNOWN CHILDREN

As if the above listed twelve children were not enough to digest, there has been a good deal of confusion regarding other Whittens that have been thought to be children of Joel and Mary Ann Whitten also. As for me personally, I believe the list included in the Bible represents a complete list of children for Joel and Mary Ann Whitten, but I include the information on the individuals below because no one has yet been able to provide clear indication of where they belong. If anyone has further information regarding these individuals, I would welcome your information!

John Whitten -- The 1850 Census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi lists John Whitten, age 22, born in TN [b. ca. 1828] and wife Jane, age 19, born in AL [b. ca. 1831]. They were enumerated as members of the Price household which was living next door to Joel and Mary Whitten on the one side and next to Littleton and Lucinda Whitten on the other side. Marriage records show that John Milton Whitten married Rebecca Jan Price on September 15, 1849 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. This marriage was likely for the John and Jane listed on the census, and Joel Whitten did have a son named Milton. However, the Bible lists Milton as being born in 1820. Others have called this man John Jake Whitten. Again, the Bible does list a Jacob Whitten, but it gives his birthdate as 1822.
James M. (or N.) Whitten -- Marriage records show that James Whitten (middle initial is apparently difficult to decifer) married Sarah Ann Cook in Pontotoc County, Mississippi on June 14, 1850. Other sources show a birthdate of 1826-1827 in Tennessee, and there is also a question of whether this James might be a twin to the above listed John.
Eliza Whitten Simpson or Simmons - I have two sources that list this person as being born in 1839 in Tennessee, probably Wayne County. Since we now have access to Joel Newton's Bible, I am now beginning to wonder if this Eliza Simmons is actually a combination of two people. The Bible shows Nancy Elizabeth Whitten, born 1824, who married a Simmons. It also shows Eliza C. Catherine Whitten, born 1839, who married E.L. McMahan. The same two sources who show Eliza Simmons/Simpson born in 1839 also show E. C. Catherine Whitten born in 1824-1826 in Marion County, Alabama. And the 1850 Census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi shows an Eliza born in 1839. Based on my examination of the sources I have, I believe the Eliza born in 1839 is Eliza C. Catherine and that the person who was born in 1824 was Nancy Elizabeth who married the Simmons.

FAMILY HISTORY

1850 Pontotoc County, MS:
House 300/300
Whitten, Joel - age 58, farmer, value of real estate 700, born SC
Whitten, Mary - age 49, born SC
Whitten, Wesley - age 16, born TN
Whitten, Jasper - age 12, born TN
Whitten, Eliza - age 11, born TN
Whitten, Joel - age 7, born TN
Whitten, Martha - age 4, born MS

House 302/302
Whitten, Littleton - age 48, brickmason, born SC
Whitten, Lucinda - age 22, born TN
Whitten, John - age 6, born MS
Whitten, Mary - age 4, born MS
Whitten, Sarah - age 1, born MS
GENEALOGY RESOURCES

Source: Biography
Text:

The Family Bible of
Joel Newton Whitten

Bible in possession of the Masonic Lodge in Pelahatchie, Mississippi.

Death of a paternal grandfather
Marriage
Birth of a son
Death of a mother
Death of a paternal grandmother
Birth of a daughter
Source: Find A Grave
Text:

She was the daughter of Joel Whitten and Mary Ann Hayes and married Littleton Whitten, son of Phillip Whitten and Delilah Cain Whitten. This is from the transcription of the Bible of Joel Newton WHitten.

Marriage of a son
Birth of a son
Death of a father
Death of a brother
Burial of a brother
Death
Burial
Family with parents
father
17691855
Birth: January 18, 1769 33 29 Stafford, Stafford, Virginia
Death: 1855Cedar Bluff, Cherokee, Alabama
mother
17691821
Birth: 1769Guilford, Rockingham, North Carolina
Death: 1821Pickens, Pickens, South Carolina
Marriage Marriage1788Rockingham, North Carolina
-10 months
elder brother
George Whitten (1787-1856) Tombstone
17871856
Birth: January 22, 1787 18 18
Death: April 26, 1856Wayne County, Tennessee
3 years
elder brother
17891864
Birth: about 1789 19 20 Newberry, South Carolina
Death: about 1864Texas
3 years
himself
Application for Military Headstone for Sgt Joel Whitten
17921857
Birth: January 13, 1792 22 23 Ninety Six, Greenwood, South Carolina
Death: May 15, 1857Pontotoc, Pontotoc, Mississippi
Family with Mary Ann Hayes
himself
Application for Military Headstone for Sgt Joel Whitten
17921857
Birth: January 13, 1792 22 23 Ninety Six, Greenwood, South Carolina
Death: May 15, 1857Pontotoc, Pontotoc, Mississippi
wife
18001866
Birth: June 26, 1800Newberry or Marion County, South Carolina
Death: October 6, 1866Ponotoc County, Mississippi
Marriage MarriageJune 6, 1819South Carolina
19 months
son
18201858
Birth: December 12, 1820 28 20 Newberry, Newberry, South Carolina
Death: February 17, 1858Wayne County, Tennessee
8 years
daughter
Lucinda Parlee Whitten Whitten
18281894
Birth: August 19, 1828 36 28 Wayne County, Tennessee
Death: December 12, 1894Attala County, Mississippi
14 years
son
Joel Newton Whitten
18421929
Birth: April 20, 1842 50 41 Wayne County, Tennessee
Death: May 5, 1929Harrison County, Mississippi
Birth
Source: Ancestry.com
Text:

Birth:
24 JAN 1792
Newberry, South Carolina

Source: Find A Grave
Text:

BIRTH: 24 JAN 1793

Source: Ancestry.com
Military
Source: Find A Grave
Text:

Enlisted in Tennessee in 1812
Discharged 1815

Served with General Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans

(Information taken from the Application for a Military Headstone dated 29 OCT 1940)

Marriage
Source: Ancestry.com
Biography
Source: Biography
Text:

Joel Whitten and Mary Ann Hayes were the parents of Lucinda Whitten, third wife of Littleton Whitten. Although I have not personally done much research on this branch of my family, I want to include them here by summarizing the research that has been shared with me by other researchers. W.C. Whitten includes this family in a large portion of Chapter 10 of his book Whitten and Allied Families, 2nd edition, and W.A. Whitten and Joe Alex Whitten, Jr. (both descendants of this family) have shared their information with me. Until recently, most researchers of this family agreed with the list of children published in W.C. Whitten's book. Fortunately, in 2000, W.A. Whitten and his brother Charles were finally able to obtain copies of the family Bible of Joel Newton Whitten (son of Joel and Mary Ann) from the Masonic Lodge in Pelahatchie, Mississippi. The information in this Bible largely substantiates what W.C. Whitten published but has shed light on some previously forgotten children and clarified misinformation on others. To W.C.'s credit, however, he tried numerous times to obtain copies of the Bible from the Masonic Lodge before he published his book but was unsuccessful. The children below are listed with the information taken from the Bible whenever possible. Scanned images of the Bible pages (scanned from photocopies) are also included as links below.

W.C. Whitten devotes his entire Chapter 10 to the Whitten families from Lauderdale County, Alabama and Wayne County, Tennessee. He also describes how most of the Whitten families migrated to Alabama and Tennesse from South Carolina. Several of these families (or perhaps several branches of the same family) were from the Newberry District of South Carolina, in particular the family of Charles Whitten, Sr. There is evidence to suggest that Joel Whitten (father of Lucinda Pearlee Whitten) was part of the group that migrated from Newberry District, South Carolina, and he is believed by W.C. Whitten to be a son of Charles Whitten, Sr., although there is no documentation to prove this relationship.

Bible, cemetery, and military records record that Joel Whitten was born in 1792 in Newberry District, South Carolina. He fought in the War of 1812, and according to military records cited by W.C. Whitten, Joel enlisted in 1813 and was discharged in 1818. Joel married Mary Ann Hayes in June 1819 probably in Newberry District, and the couple had their first child Milton in December 1820. It is thought that their first three children were born in South Carolina (probably Newberry District) between the years 1820-1824, but that their fourth child, Harriet, was born in Lauderdale County, Alabama in 1826. Their next child, Lucinda, was supposedly born in Wayne County, Tennesse in 1828, as were the next six children born 1830-1842. Their last known child, Martha, was born in 1845 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi.

Mary Ann Hayes, often called Polly, was born in 1800, reportedly in Marion County, South Carolina. It is not yet know who her parents were. She and husband Joel, along with their youngest five children, were enumerated in Pontotoc County, Mississippi on the 1850 census. I do not know where they were enumerated on the 1860 census, but I would suspect they might be found in Pontotoc County again. Joel died in December 1860, and Polly died in 1866, probably both in Pontotoc County. They were both buried in Caffey Cemetery, a private cemetery in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. Joel's grave is marked with a government-issued headstone indicating his service in the War of 1812.

Joel Whitten
Born: January 13, 1792, probably in Newberry District, South Carolina
Married: June 6, 1819, probably in Newberry District, South Carolina
Died: December 12, 1860 in Pontotoc, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Buried: Caffey Cemetery, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Father: possibly Charles Whitten, Sr. of Newberry District, South Carolina
Mother: Unknown
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Mary Ann Hayes
Born: June 26, 1800, probably in Marion County, South Carolina
Died: October 6, 1866, probably in Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Buried: Caffey Cemetery, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Father: Unknown
Mother: Unknown
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Milton W. Whitten
Born: December 12, 1820, Newberry District, South Carolina
Married: May 12, 1841
Spouse: Eliza Hay
Died: January 6 or 17, 1858 (per Bible). W.C. Whitten has date as February 17, 1858 and location as Wayne County, Tennessee
Burial: Unknown

W.C. Whitten listed a Melton Whitten as a child of George Whitten and Elizabeth Cox. George was apparently a son of Charles Whitten Sr, making him a brother to Joel Whitten, and a Melton Whitten did witness a land deed for George in 1852. However, the family Bible of Joel Newton Whitten lists Milton's birthdate first after Joel and Mary Ann's birthdates, and gives their wedding date as June 1819 and Milton's birthdate as December 1820. It would therefore appear that Milton was the first child of Joel and Mary Ann Whitten. The Bible also lists Milton's marriage to Eliza Hay and his death date in January 1858. Also in his book, W.C. Whitten tells this story: "Following his death there was a law-suit between MELTON's widow, ELIZA, and MELTON's partners in the mills. But there was nothing to be gained by the suit as MELTON had been forced to sell the mills during the depression of 1857."

In my original version of this page, I showed a second marriage for Milton to Mary C. Marshall on March 22, 1883 in Wayne County, Tennessee. A kind cousin and fellow researcher pointed out that Milton died in 1857! Fortunately, W.C. Whitten shows that Milton and Eliza had a son, Milton Wesley. It was Milton Wesley Whitten that married Mary Marshall.
Jacob Asbury Whitten
Born: March 20 or 26, 1822, possibly in Newberry District, South Carolina
Married: Unknown date/place
Spouse: Sarah Young (?)
Died: Unknown
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists Jacob Asbury Whitten next after Milton in the list of births. The month and year of birth for Jacob are fairly legible, but the day appears to be either 20 or 26. The Bible makes no mention of marriage or death information, but W.C. Whitten makes reference to a Jacob A. Whitten on page 516 of his book: "(Texas and Texans and New Ency. of Texas): JACOB A. WHITTEN, b. Callahan Co., Tex., 19 June 1865, was son of JACOB A. WHITTEN, native of Tenn. and SARAH (YOUNG) WHITTEN, native of Texas. JACOB, Jr. md. in Stephens Co., Tex. 20 Dec. 1889, MOLLIE MORRIS." Could this Jacob Sr. be the son of Joel and Mary Ann?
Nancy Elizabeth Whitten
Born: December 9, 1824, possibly Newberry District, South Carolina
Married: Date/place unknown
Spouse: Alexander Simmons
Died: May 6, 1860 or 1861
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists the birthdate of Nancy Elizabeth Whitten as shown above then later records the following for her death: "Departed this life on the 6th of May Nancy Elizabeth Simmons, dauter [sic] of Joel & Mary Whitten adged [sic] 37." W.C. Whitten adds the following information for her on page 527: "NANCY ELIZABETH WHITTEN, b. 1824 in S.C., md. ALEXANDER SIMMONS, where or when unknown. Had 3 sons: JOHN ALEXANDER, b. 4 Oct. 1846 in Miss.; WILLIAM CARROLL; FLETCHER." I consider it likely that these two Nancy Elizabeth Simmons are the same person.
Harriet Rebecca Whitten
Born: May 10, 1826, possibly in Lauderdale County, Alabama
Married: July 11, 1848 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Elijah Simpson Sanders
Died: Unknown
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists "Hariet Rebecky" as the fourth child of Joel and Mary. It does not list marriage or death dates for her. However, according to W.C. Whitten on p. 320, Harriet Rebecca Whitten's marriage to Elijah Simpson Sanders was found in the marriage records of Pontotoc County, Mississippi.
Lucinda Pearlee (Paralee) Whitten
Born: August 19, 1828, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: About 1843, possibly in Wayne County, Tennessee or
Spouse: Littleton Augustus (Gus) Whitten
Died: December 12, 1894 in Attala County, Mississippi
Burial: Edgefield Cemetery, Attala County, Mississippi

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists the birthdate for "Lucinda Parlee" as the date shown above but gives no other information for her. We know from family tradition and the 1850 census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi that Lucinda married Littleton Whitten, but the date and location of their marriage is not known for sure. Since their first child was born in December 1843, it would be likely that they were married in early 1843. Because no official marriage record has yet been located, the location of their marriage is also a topic of speculation. However, due to her age at the time of marriage (15) and due to the fact that Littleton and Lucinda were living almost next door to her parents in 1850, I would expect that Littleton and Lucinda were married near to where her parents were living in 1843. According to Joel Newton Whitten's Bible, Lucinda's parents had two children in 1837 and 1842, and family tradition has that these two children were born in Wayne County, Tennessee. Perhaps that is where Littleton and Lucinda married?
Frances Lodasky Whitten
Born: August 9, 1830, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: November 29, 1846 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Ezekiel Lyon Pratt
Died: Probably in Utah, probably near Salt Lake City
Burial: Unknown, but probably in Utah

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible gives the birthdate of "Franie Lodaska" as shown above, and W.C. Whitten suggests on p. 319 of his book that Frances was probably born in Wayne County, Tennessee. Her marriage to Ezekial Pratt was recorded in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. The family reportedly moved to Utah about 1857, and according to W.C. Whitten, "The date of FRANCES' death is not known, but E.L. PRATT md. (2) MINERVA FAULKNER." A Pratt descendant told Joe A. Whitten that Ezekial died in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Charles Wesley Whitten
Born: June 26, 1833, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: March 2, 1860 at Redlands, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Mary Louise (Mollie) Ellis
Died: February 29, 1876, Pontotoc, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Burial: White Zion Cemetery, Pontotoc County, Mississippi (no marker)

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible records the birthdate of "Charles Wesley" as shown above and also lists his marriage and death dates as shown above. The date of marriage is very difficult to read. W.A. Whitten has transcribed the date as the March 2, 1860. I find the day of the month and the exact year (186?) to be practically illegible, but family tradition holds that they were married during the Civil War. Charles died in 1876, and according to W.C. Whitten, Mollie remarried to Henry Pitts. She died and was buried in Tampa, Florida about 1922.
Mary Emelyn Whitten
Born: August 25, 1835, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Died: May 2, 1836, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Burial: Unknown, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee

Until copies of Joel Newton Whitten's Bible were made available, this child had been unknown to modern descendants. The Bible lists her birth and death dates as shown above but does not make any mention of the locations. Since the children born before her birth and after her death are assumed to have been born in Wayne County, Tennessee, the possibility seems likely that she was born, died, and buried in Wayne County also.
Jasper Marion (Jap) Whitten
Born: May 14, 1837, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: September 18, 1867, Troy, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Mary Virginia Rutledge
Died: July 10, 1891, Monroe County, Mississippi
Burial: Eddington Cemetery, Troy, Pontotoc County, Mississippi

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists the birthdate for "Jasper Marin" as shown above but gives no other information. Joe A. Whitten, Jr., grandson of Jasper, provided the date and places for the marriage, death, and burial. According to a note by Toni Brahier: "Jasper entered the Civil War March 2, 1861 at Pontotoc with the Pontotoc Dragons, organized February 22, 1861 with 125 men who engaged in the battle of Ackia (This spelling may be wrong). The battalion disbanded June 1862, and a monument to the Dragons is on the property once owned by Joel Whitten, 10 miles east of Pontotoc. He reenlisted at Union City, TN in Co. I, 1st Reg. MS Calvary as a Corporal and served under Lt. Gen R. Taylor. His regiment was captured May 4, 1865 and were released May 16, 1865. He was 24 yrs. of age."
Eliza C. Catherine Whitten
Born: September 14, 1839, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married (1): December 22, 1853, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse (1): E. L. McMahan
Married (2): after death of first husband
Spouse (2): Mr. Stegall
Died: Unknown
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible lists the birthdate for "Eliza C. Catherine" as shown above. The 1850 Census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi shows that "Eliza" was born in Tennessee. The Bible also gives her marriage date to E.L. McMahan as December 22 of 185? (the year is almost illegible). However, according to W.C. Whitten, "Marriage records in Pontotoc Co. show a CATHERINE WHITTEN marrying an E.L. McMAHAN on 21 Oct. 1853." I have not personally seen the official record, but perhaps their license was issued in October with the ceremony being delayed until December? Catherine had three children with McMahan, and the Bible lists their names and birthdates as the following: Mary F.C. McMahan (born October 4, 1855), Daniel W. McMahan (born July 16, 1858), and Sarah D. McMahan (born July 1, 1860?). The Bible states that all three children were born in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. Family tradition holds that Catherine remarried after the death of McMahan to a man named Stegall.
Joel Newton Whitten
Born: April 20, 1842, probably in Wayne County, Tennessee
Married: September 29, 1864 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Spouse: Julia Pamela Marr
Died: 1929 in Long Beach, Mississippi
Burial: Confederate Cemetery, Beauvoir, Bolivar County, Mississippi

Joel Newton's Bible lists his birthdate as shown above but does not list any other information on him. Perhaps this was his parents' Bible that he inherited? The 1850 Census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi shows that "Joel" was born in Tennessee. Joe A. Whitten, Jr. provided the date and place of marriage. W.C. Whitten's book (pp. 319-320) gives this additional information on Joel Newton's life:

"Records at the Nat'l Archives say that JOEL NEWTON enlisted 28 Feb. 1862 in Co. A, Orr's Guards, at Red Land, Miss., by Col. J.A. ORR. The unit was later changed to 31st Regt., Mississippi Vol. Infantry. These records say that JOEL NEWTON enlisted as a 4th Corporal, later was promoted to 3rd Corporal, and then to 1st Corporal, then to 5th Sgt. on 1 Jan. 1863, and finally to 4th Sgt. He was wounded at Resacca, Ga. 1 May 1864. From then, he seems to have spent the rest of the war in the hospital at Lauderdale Springs, Miss., or on furlough from the hospital... [According to a great-granddaughter-in-law] the family migrated to Texas about 1875, but only stayed about two years because of "water problems." They then migrated back to Mississippi... Later, JOEL WHITTEN and his family moved to the Gulf Coast where he was Mayor of Long Beach, Miss. for years before his death which occurred about 1927 according to a granddaughter. The Bible of JOEL NEWTON WHITTEN is in the possession of a Masonic Lodge in Pelehatchie, Miss.... JOEL NEWTON and JULIA are bd. in the Confederate Cem. at Beauvoir, between Gulfport and Biloxi, Miss., on the Gulf Coast, the final home of JEFFERSON DAVIS. The gravestone marker there says JOEL NEWTON WHITTEN, b. 1842, d. 1929; JULIA, b. 26 May 1844, d. 17 Oct. 1929."

Martha Ezbela (or Ezlula) Ann Whitten
Born: June 26 1845, probably in Pontotoc, Pontotoc County, Mississippi
Married: 1871
Spouse: James Porter Miears
Died: November 5, 1875
Burial: Unknown

Joel Newton Whitten's Bible gives the birthdate for Martha as shown above, but her middle name is almost illegible. Her name has been transcribed as Martha Ezlula and Martha Ezbela. Joe A. Whitten, Jr. has her listed as Martha Ann in his notes, and he is also my source for the place of her birth, the date of her marriage, and the full name of her husband. The 1850 census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi also shows her born in Mississippi. W.C. Whitten shows one child for Martha, a son Hewlett who was born in February 1874 in Mississippi. The Bible records that "MA Miears, wife of JP Miears, dec'd on the 5th day of November AD 1875." Her son was not quite two years old when Martha died.

UNKNOWN CHILDREN

As if the above listed twelve children were not enough to digest, there has been a good deal of confusion regarding other Whittens that have been thought to be children of Joel and Mary Ann Whitten also. As for me personally, I believe the list included in the Bible represents a complete list of children for Joel and Mary Ann Whitten, but I include the information on the individuals below because no one has yet been able to provide clear indication of where they belong. If anyone has further information regarding these individuals, I would welcome your information!

John Whitten -- The 1850 Census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi lists John Whitten, age 22, born in TN [b. ca. 1828] and wife Jane, age 19, born in AL [b. ca. 1831]. They were enumerated as members of the Price household which was living next door to Joel and Mary Whitten on the one side and next to Littleton and Lucinda Whitten on the other side. Marriage records show that John Milton Whitten married Rebecca Jan Price on September 15, 1849 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. This marriage was likely for the John and Jane listed on the census, and Joel Whitten did have a son named Milton. However, the Bible lists Milton as being born in 1820. Others have called this man John Jake Whitten. Again, the Bible does list a Jacob Whitten, but it gives his birthdate as 1822.
James M. (or N.) Whitten -- Marriage records show that James Whitten (middle initial is apparently difficult to decifer) married Sarah Ann Cook in Pontotoc County, Mississippi on June 14, 1850. Other sources show a birthdate of 1826-1827 in Tennessee, and there is also a question of whether this James might be a twin to the above listed John.
Eliza Whitten Simpson or Simmons - I have two sources that list this person as being born in 1839 in Tennessee, probably Wayne County. Since we now have access to Joel Newton's Bible, I am now beginning to wonder if this Eliza Simmons is actually a combination of two people. The Bible shows Nancy Elizabeth Whitten, born 1824, who married a Simmons. It also shows Eliza C. Catherine Whitten, born 1839, who married E.L. McMahan. The same two sources who show Eliza Simmons/Simpson born in 1839 also show E. C. Catherine Whitten born in 1824-1826 in Marion County, Alabama. And the 1850 Census of Pontotoc County, Mississippi shows an Eliza born in 1839. Based on my examination of the sources I have, I believe the Eliza born in 1839 is Eliza C. Catherine and that the person who was born in 1824 was Nancy Elizabeth who married the Simmons.

FAMILY HISTORY

1850 Pontotoc County, MS:
House 300/300
Whitten, Joel - age 58, farmer, value of real estate 700, born SC
Whitten, Mary - age 49, born SC
Whitten, Wesley - age 16, born TN
Whitten, Jasper - age 12, born TN
Whitten, Eliza - age 11, born TN
Whitten, Joel - age 7, born TN
Whitten, Martha - age 4, born MS

House 302/302
Whitten, Littleton - age 48, brickmason, born SC
Whitten, Lucinda - age 22, born TN
Whitten, John - age 6, born MS
Whitten, Mary - age 4, born MS
Whitten, Sarah - age 1, born MS
GENEALOGY RESOURCES

Source: Biography
Text:

The Family Bible of
Joel Newton Whitten

Bible in possession of the Masonic Lodge in Pelahatchie, Mississippi.

Death
Source: Ancestry.com
Source: Ancestry.com
Burial
Source: Find A Grave